Essay 13: Traditions and Technology

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It is inevitable that traditional cultures will be lost as technology develops. Technology and traditional cultures are incompatible. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view?

Some people believe that technological developments LEAD TO THE LOSS OF TRADITIONAL CULTURES. I PARTLY AGREE WITH THIS ASSERTION; while it may be true in the case of some societies, others seem to be unaffected by technology and the modern world.

On the one hand, the advances in technology that HAVE DRIVEN INDUSTRIALISATION IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES have certainly CONTRIBUTED TO THE DISAPPEARANCE OF TRADITIONAL WAYS OF LIFE. For example, in pre-industrial Britain, generations of families grew up in the same small village communities. These communities HAD A STRONG SENSE OF IDENTITY, due to THEIR SHARED CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS . However, developments in transport, communications and manufacturing LED TO THE DISPERSAL OF FAMILIES AND VILLAGE COMMUNITIES as people MOVED TO THE CITIES IN SEARCH OF WORK. Nowadays most British villages are inhabited by commuters, many of whom do not know their closest neighbours.

On the other hand, in some parts of the world TRADITIONAL CULTURES STILL THRIVE. There are TRIBES IN THE AMAZON RAINFOREST, for example, that have been completely untouched by the technological developments of the developed world. These tribal communities continue to hunt and gather food from the forest, and TRADITIONAL SKILLS ARE PASSED ON TO CHILDREN BY PARENTS AND ELDERS, other traditional cultures, such as FARMING COMMUNITIES in parts of Africa, are EMBRACING COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES. Mobile phones GIVE FARMERS ACCESS TO INFORMATION, FROM WEATHER PREDICTIONS TO MARKET PRICES, which helps them to prosper and therefore supports their culture.

In conclusion, many traditional ways of life have been lost as a result of advances in technology, but other TRADITIONAL COMMUNITIES HAVE SURVIVED AND EVEN FLOURISHED.

Những cụm từ cần lưu ý:

LEAD TO THE LOSS OF TRADITIONAL CULTURES (dẫn tới sự biến mất của các nét văn hóa truyền thống)

I PARTLY AGREE WITH THIS ASSERTION (tôi một phàn đồng ý với quan điểm này)

HAVE DRIVEN INDUSTRIALISATION IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (thúc đẩy sự công nghiệp hóa ở các nước đang phát triển)

CONTRIBUTED TO THE DISAPPEARANCE OF TRADITIONAL WAYS OF LIFE (gây nên sự biến mất của các phong tục truyền thống)

HAD A STRONG SENSE OF IDENTITY (có tinh thần dân tộc to lớn),

THEIR SHARED CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS (tập quán và niềm tin của họ giống nhau)

THEIR SHARED CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS (tập quán và niềm tin của họ giống nhau)

LED TO THE DISPERSAL OF FAMILIES AND VILLAGE COMMUNITIES (sự phân tán của các gia đình và cộng đồng làng xã)

MOVED TO THE CITIES IN SEARCH OF WORK (đến thành phố tìm kiếm việc làm)

TRADITIONAL CULTURES STILL THRIVE (văn hóa truyền thống vẫn phát triển mạnh)

TRIBES IN THE AMAZON RAINFOREST (những bộ lạc ở rừng mưa Amazon)

TRADITIONAL SKILLS ARE PASSED ON TO CHILDREN BY PARENTS AND ELDERS (các kỹ năng truyền thống được cha mẹ và người lớn truyền lại cho thế hệ tiếp theo)

FARMING COMMUNITIES (cộng đồng nông dân)

EMBRACING COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ứng dụng công nghệ thông tin)

GIVE FARMERS ACCESS TO INFORMATION (cho phép nông dân tra cứu thông tin)

FROM WEATHER PREDICTIONS TO MARKET PRICES (từ dự báo thời tiết đến giá cả thị trường)

TRADITIONAL COMMUNITIES HAVE SURVIVED AND EVEN FLOURISHED (một số nền văn hóa vẫn giữ được bản sắc của mình và thậm chí còn phát triển mạnh hơn nữa)

 

 

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