Essay 17: Positive or negative

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In some countries, many more people are choosing to live alone nowadays than in the past. Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

In recent years it has become far more normal for people to live alone, particularly in large cities in the developed world. In my opinion, this trend could have both positive and negative consequences in equal measure.

The rise in ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS  can be seen as positive for both personal and broader economic reasons. ON AN INDIVIDUAL LEVEL, people who choose to live alone may BECOME MORE INDEPENDENT AND SELF-RELIANT than those who live with family members. A YOUNG ADULT  who lives alone, for example, will need to learn to cook, clean, PAY BILLS and MANAGE HIS OR HER BUDGET, all of which ARE VALUABLE LIFE SKILLS ; an increase in the number of such individuals can certainly be seen as a positive development. FROM AN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE, THE TREND TOWARDS LIVING ALONE  will result in GREATER DEMAND FOR HOUSING . This is likely to benefit the construction industry, ESTATE AGENTS  and a whole host of other companies that rely on HOMEOWNERS  to buy their products or services.

However, the personal and economic arguments given above CAN BE CONSIDERED FROM THE OPPOSITE ANGLE . Firstly, rather than the positive feeling of increased independence, people who live alone MAY EXPERIENCE FEELINGS OF LONELINESS, ISOLATION AND WORRY . They MISS OUT ON THE EMOTIONAL SUPPORT and daily conversation that family or flatmates can provide, and they must BEAR THE WEIGHT OF ALL HOUSEHOLD BILLS AND RESPONSIBILITIES ; in this sense, perhaps the trend towards living alone is a negative one. Secondly, FROM THE FINANCIAL POINT OF VIEW , a rise in demand for housing is likely to PUSH UP PROPERTY PRICES AND RENTS. While this may benefit some businesses, the general population, including those who live alone, will BE FACED WITH RISING LIVING COSTS.

In conclusion, the increase in one-person households will have both beneficial and detrimental effects on individuals and on the economy.

Những cụm từ cần lưu ý:

ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS (các hộ gia đình một người)

ON AN INDIVIDUAL LEVEL (ở cấp độ cá nhân)

BECOME MORE INDEPENDENT AND SELF-RELIANT (trở nên độc lập và tự chủ hơn)

A YOUNG ADULT (một người trưởng thành trẻ tuổi)

PAY BILLS (chi trả các loại hóa đơn)

MANAGE HIS OR HER BUDGET (quản lý ngân sách của bản thân)

ARE VALUABLE LIFE SKILLS (là các kỹ năng sống giá trị)

FROM AN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE (về góc độ kinh tế)

THE TREND TOWARDS LIVING ALONE (xu hướng sống một mình)

GREATER DEMAND FOR HOUSING (dẫn đến nhu càu nhà ờ lớn hơn)

ESTATE AGENTS (các công ty môi giới bất động sản)

HOMEOWNERS (chủ nhà)

AN BE CONSIDERED FROM THE OPPOSITE ANGLE (có thể được xem xét theo chiều hướng ngược lại)

MAY EXPERIENCE FEELINGS OF LONELINESS, ISOLATION AND WORRY (có thể cảm nhận thấy sự cô đơn, cô lập và lo lắng)

MISS OUT ON THE EMOTIONAL SUPPORT (mất đi sự hỗ trợ tinh thần)

BEAR THE WEIGHT OF ALL HOUSEHOLD BILLS AND RESPONSIBILITIES (chịu gánh nặng về tài chính và các trách nhiệm)

FROM THE FINANCIAL POINT OF VIEW (theo khía cạnh tài chính)

PUSH UP PROPERTY PRICES AND RENTS (đẩy giá bất động sản và thuê nhà lên)

BE FACED WITH RISING LIVING COSTS (đối mặt với chi phí sinh hoạt tăng cao)