Essay 17: Problem and solution


More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult. Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone?

Cities are often seen as places of opportunity, but there are also some major drawbacks of living in A LARGE METROPOLIS (một thành phố lớn). In my opinion, governments could do much more to improve city life for the average inhabitant.

The main problem for anyone who hopes to migrate to a large city is that THE COST OF LIVING (chi phí sinh hoạt) is likely to be much higher than it is in a small town or village. Inhabitants of cities have to pay higher prices for housing, transport, and even food. Another issue is that urban areas TEND TO SUFFER FROM SOCIAL PROBLEMS (có xu hướng gặp phải các vấn đề xã hội) such as HIGH CRIME AND POVERTY RATES (tỉ lê tôi phạm và nghèo đói cao) in comparison with RURAL areas (khu vực nông thôn). Furthermore, the air quality in cities is often poor, due to POLLUTION FROM TRAFFIC (ô nhiễm từ phương tiện giao thông), and the streets and public transport systems ARE USUALLY OVERCROWDED (thường quá tải). As a result, city life can be unhealthy and stressful.

However, there are various steps that governments could TAKE TO TACKLE THESE PROBLEMS (giải quyết các vấn đề này). Firstly, they could INVEST MONEY IN THE BUILDING OF AFFORDABLE OR SOCIAL HOUSING (đàu tư vào nhà ở giá rẻ hoặc nhà ờ xã hội) to reduce the cost of living. Secondly, politicans have the power to BAN VEHICLES FROM CITY CENTRES (cấm các phương tiện giao thông trong khu vực trung tâm) and PROMOTE THE USE OF CLEANER PUBLIC TRANSPORT (thúc đay việc sử dụng các phương tiện công cộng sạch với môi trường hơn), which would help to reduce both air pollution and TRAFFIC CONGESTION (tắc nghẽn giao thông). In London, for example, THE INTRODUCTION OF A CONGESTION CHARGE FOR DRIVERS (áp dụng phí tắc nghẽn cho người lái xe) has helped to CURB THE TRAFFIC PROBLEM (kiểm soát vấn đề tắc đường). A third option would be to DEVELOP PROVINCIAL TOWNS (phát triển các thị trấn tại các tỉnh thành) and rural areas, by moving industry and jobs to those regions, in order to reduce the pressure on major cities.

In conclusion, governments could certainly IMPLEMENT A RANGE OF MEASURES (thực hiện một loạt các biện pháp) to enhance the quality of life for all city residents.


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