Essay 05 – Equality

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In recent years, there has been growing interest in the relationship between equality and personal achievement. Some people believe that individuals can achieve more in egalitarian societies. Others believe that high levels of personal achievement are possible only if individuals are free to succeed or fail according to their individual merits.

What is your view of the relationship between equality and personal success?

In my opinion, AN EGALITARIAN SOCIETY is one in which everyone HAS THE SAME RIGHTS AND THE SAME OPPORTUNITIES. I completely agree that people can achieve more in this kind of society.

Education is an important factor with regard to personal success in life. I believe that all children should HAVE ACCESS TO FREE SCHOOLING, and HIGHER EDUCATION should be either free or affordable for all those who chose to pursue a university degree. In a society without free schooling or AFFORDABLE HIGHER EDUCATION, only children and young adults from WEALTHIER FAMILIES would HAVE ACCESS TO THE BEST LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES, and they would therefore BE BETTER PREPARED FOR THE JOB MARKET . This kind of inequality would ensure the success of some but HARM THE PROSPECTS of others.

I would argue that EQUAL RIGHTS and opportunities are not in conflict with people’s freedom to succeed or fail. IN OTHER WORDS, equality does not mean that people LOSE THEIR MOTIVATION TO SUCCEED, or that they are not allowed to fail. ON THE CONTRARY, I believe that most people would FEEL MORE MOTIVATED TO WORK HARD and REACH THEIR FULL POTENTIAL if they thought that they LIVED IN A FAIR SOCIETY. Those who did not make the same effort would know that they had wasted their opportunity. Inequality, on the other hand, WOULD BE MORE LIKELY TO DEMOTIVATE PEOPLE because they would know that THE ODDS OF SUCCESSWERE STACKED IN FAVOUR OF those from privileged backgrounds. In conclusion, it seems to me that there is a positive relationship between EQUALITY and PERSONAL SUCCESS.

Những cụm từ cần lưu ý:

HAVE ACCESS TO FREE SCHOOLING (được đi học miễn phí)

HAS THE SAME RIGHTS AND THE SAME OPPORTUNITIES (có những quyền lợi và cơ hội như nhau)

HAVE ACCESS TO FREE SCHOOLING (được đi học miễn phí)

HIGHER EDUCATION (giáo dục đại học)

AFFORDABLE HIGHER EDUCATION (giáo dục đại học giá rẻ)

WEALTHIER FAMILIES (những gia đình giàu có hơn)

HAVE ACCESS TO THE BEST LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES (có cơ hội học tập tốt nhất)

BE BETTER PREPARED FOR THE JOB MARKET (chuẩn bi tốt hơn cho thị trường việc làm)

HARM THE PROSPECTS (gây ảnh hưởng xấu đến khả năng phát triển)

EQUAL RIGHTS (quyền bình đẳng)

IN OTHER WORDS (nói cách khác)

LOSE THEIR MOTIVATION TO SUCCEED (mất đi động lực để thành công)

ON THE CONTRARY (ngược lại)

FEEL MORE MOTIVATED TO WORK HARD (cảm thấy có động lực hơn để làm việc chăm chỉ)

REACH THEIR FULL POTENTIAL (phát huy tối đa tiềm năng)

LIVED IN A FAIR SOCIETY (sống trong một xã hội công bằng)

WOULD BE MORE LIKELY TO DEMOTIVATE PEOPLE (giảm đi động lực thúc đẩy con người)

THE ODDS OF SUCCESSWERE STACKED IN FAVOUR OF (khả năng thành công là cao đối với)

EQUALITY(bình đẳng)

PERSONAL SUCCESS (thành công cá nhân)