Essay 16: Climate change

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 Some people think that instead of preventing climate change, we need to find a way to live with it. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Climate change represents a major threat to life on Earth, but some people argue that we need to accept it rather than try to stop it. I completely disagree with this opinion, because I believe that we still have time to tackle this issue and reduce the human impact on the Earth’s climate.

There are various measures that governments and individuals could take to prevent, or at least mitigate, climate change. Governments could INTRODUCE LAWS TO LIMIT THE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS (đưa ra các luật lê hạn chế lượng C02 thải ra) that LEAD TO GLOBAL WARMING (dẫn tới sự nóng lên toàn cầu). They could IMPOSE “GREEN TAXES” ON (áp đặt các loại thuế xanh lên) drivers, airline companies and other POLLUTERS (nguồn ô nhiễm), and they could INVEST IN RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM SOLAR, WIND OR WATER POWER (đầu tư vào sản xuất năng lượng tái tạo từ năng lượng mặt trời, gió hoặc nước). As individuals, we should also TRY TO LIMIT OUR CONTRIBUTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE (cố gắng hạn chế các hoạt động gây ra biến đổi khí hậu), by BECOMING MORE ENERGY EFFICIENT (sử dụng năng lượng hiệu quả hơn), by FLYING LESS (dùng máy bay ít hơn), and by using bicycles and public transport. Furthermore, the public can affect the actions of governments by VOTING FOR POLITICANTS WHO PROPOSE TO TACKLE CLIMATE CHANGE (bỏ phiếu cho các chính trị gia những người mà đưa ra giải pháp giải quyết vấn đề biến đổi khí hậu), rather than for those who would prefer to ignore it.

If instead of taking the above measures we simply try to live with climate change, I believe that the consequences will BE DISASTROUS (thảm khốc). To give just one example, I am not optimistic that we would be able to COPE WITH EVEN A SMALL RISE IN SEA LEVELS (đối phó với sự tăng lên của mực nước biển dù chỉ là nhỏ) . Millions of people WOULD BE DISPLACED by flooding (sẽ phải di dời bởi lũ lụt), particularly ‘in countries that DO NOT HAVE THE MEANS TO SAFEGUARD LOW-LYING AREAS (không có phương tiện để bảo vệ các khu vực nằm thấp hơn so với mực nước biển). These people would lose their homes and their jobs, and they WOULD BE FORCED TO MIGRATE TO NEARBY CITIES (bị buộc phải di chuyển đến các thành phố lân cận) or perhaps to other countries. The potential for human suffering would be huge, and it IS likely that WE WOULD SEE OUTBREAKS OF DISEASE AND FAMINE (chúng ta có thể sẽ phải thấy sự bùng phát của dịch bệnh và nạn đói), as well as INCREASED HOMELESSNESS AND POVERTY (sự gia tăng nạn vo gia cư và nghèo đói).

In conclusion, it is clear to me that we must address the problem of climate change, and I disagree with those who argue that we can find ways to live with it.