Essay 21: Parental roles

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These days more fathers stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work. What could be the reasons for this? Do you think it is a positive or a negative development?

It is true that men are increasingly likely TO TAKE ON THE ROLE OF HOUSEHUSBAND , while more women than ever are THE BREADWINNERS IN THEIR FAMILIES . There could be several reasons for this, and I consider it to be a very positive trend.

In recent years, parents HAVE HAD TO ADAPT TO VARIOUS CHANGES IN OUR SOCIETIES . EQUAL RIGHTS MOVEMENTS HAVE MADE GREAT PROGRESS, and it has become normal for women to GAIN QUALIFICATIONS AND PURSUE A CAREER . It has also become socially acceptable for men to stay at home and LOOK AFTER THEIR CHILDREN . At the same time, THE RISING COST OF LIVING has meant that both marriage partners usually need to work and save money before STARTING A FAMILY . Therefore, when couples have children, they may decide who works and who stays at home depending on the personal preference of each partner, or BASED ON  which partner earns the most money.

In my view, the changes described above should be seen as progress. We should be happy to live in a society in which men and women HAVE EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, and in which WOMEN ARE NOT PUT UNDER PRESSURE TO SACRIFICE THEIR CAREERS . Equally, IT SEEMS ONLY FAIR THAT men SHOULD BE FREE TO LEAVE THEIR JOBS IN ORDER TO ASSUME CHILDCARE RESPONSIBILITIES  if this is what they wish to do. Couples should be left to make their own decisions about which parental role each partner takes, ACCORDING TO THEIR PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES AND NEEDS .

In conclusion, the changing roles of men and women in the family ARE A RESULT OF WIDER CHANGES IN SOCIETY , and I believe that these developments are desirable.

Những cụm từ cần ghi nhớ:

TO TAKE ON THE ROLE OF HOUSEHUSBAND (đảm nhiệm vai trò người chăm sóc gia đình)

THE BREADWINNERS IN THEIR FAMILIES (trụ cột tài chính trong gia đình)

HAVE HAD TO ADAPT TO VARIOUS CHANGES IN OUR SOCIETIES (đã phải thích ứng với nhiều sự thay đổi khác nhau trong xã hội).

EQUAL RIGHTS MOVEMENTS HAVE MADE GREAT PROGRESS (các phong trào về quyền bình đẳng đã có những bước tiến lớn)

GAIN QUALIFICATIONS AND PURSUE A CAREER (có được bằng cấp và theo đuổi sự nghiệp)

LOOK AFTER THEIR CHILDREN (chăm sóc con cái của họ)

THE RISING COST OF LIVING (sự gia tăng chi phí sinh hoạt)

STARTING A FAMILY (lập gia đình)

BASED ON (dựa trên việc)

HAVE EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES (có những cơ hội ngang nhau)

WOMEN ARE NOT PUT UNDER PRESSURE TO SACRIFICE THEIR CAREERS (phụ nữ không bị áp lực phải hi sinh sự nghiệp của họ)

IT SEEMS ONLY FAIR THAT (dường như chỉ công bằng khi)

SHOULD BE FREE TO LEAVE THEIR JOBS IN ORDER TO ASSUME CHILDCARE RESPONSIBILITIES (nên cảm thấy thoải mái/không bị ràng buộc khi nghỉ việc để đảm nhận trách nhiệm chăm sóc con cái của mình)

ACCORDING TO THEIR PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES AND NEEDS (tùy theo hoàn cảnh và nhu cầu cụ thể của họ)

ARE A RESULT OF WIDER CHANGES IN SOCIETY (là kết quả của những thay đổi lớn trong xã hội)