Essay 21: Road safety

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 Some people think that strict punishments for driving offences are the key to reducing traffic accidents, others, however, believe that other measures would be more effective in improving road safety. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

People have differing views with regard to the question of HOW TO MAKE OUR ROADS SAFER . In my view, both punishments and a range of other measures can be used together TO PROMOTE BETTER DRIVING HABITS .
On the one hand, STRICT PUNISHMENTS can certainly help to ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO DRIVE MORE SAFELY. PENALTIES FOR DANGEROUS DRIVÈRS CAN act as a DETERRENT , meaning that people AVOID REPEATING THE SAME OFFENCE. There are various types of driving penalty, such as SMALL FINES , LICENCE SUSPENSION , DRIVER AWARENESS COURSES , and EVEN PRISON SENTENCES. The aim of these punishments is to show dangerous drivers that their actions HAVE NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES . As a result, we would hope that drivers BECOME MORE DISCIPLINED AND ALERT, and that they FOLLOW THE RULES MORE CAREFULLY .
On the other hand, I believe that safe driving can be promoted in several different ways that do not punish drivers. Firstly, IT IS VITALLY IMPORTANT TO EDUCATE PEOPLE PROPERLY before they start to drive, and THIS COULD BE DONE in schools or even AS PART OF AN EXTENDED OR MORE DIFFICULT DRIVING TEST. Secondly, more attention could be paid to SAFE ROAD DESIGN. For example, signs can be used to warn people, SPEED BUMPS  and road bends can be added TO CALM TRAFFIC , and SPEED CAMERASCAN HELP TO DETER PEOPLE FROM DRIVING TOO QUICKLY . Finally, governments or LOCAL COUNCILS  could reduce road accidents by INVESTING IN BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORT , which would mean that fewer people would need to travel by car.
In conclusion, while punishments can help to PREVENT BAD DRIVING , I believe that other road safety measures should also be introduced.

Những cụm từ cần ghi nhớ:

HOW TO MAKE OUR ROADS SAFER (làm như thế nào để việc tham gia giao thông trở nên an toàn hơn)

TO PROMOTE BETTER DRIVING HABITS (khuyến khích thói quen lái xe an toàn hơn)

STRICT PUNISHMENTS (các hình phạt nghiêm khắc)

ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO DRIVE MORE SAFELY (khuyến khích mọi ngươi lái xe an toàn hơn)

PENALTIES FOR DANGEROUS DRIVÈRS CAN act as a DETERRENT (hình phạt đối với những người lái xe bất cẩn có thể xem như một cách răn đe)

AVOID REPEATING THE SAME OFFENCE (tranh lặp lại các lỗi vi phạm tương tự)

SMALL FINES (khoản tiền phạt nhỏ), LICENCE SUSPENSION (tạm giữ giấy phép lái xe)

LICENCE SUSPENSION (tạm giữ giấy phép lái xe)

DRIVER AWARENESS COURSES (các khóa đào nâng cao ý thức của những người lái xe)

EVEN PRISON SENTENCES (thậm chí là phạt tù)

HAVE NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES (để lại những hậu quả xấu)

BECOME MORE DISCIPLINED AND ALERT (trở nên kỷ luật và cảnh giác hơn)

FOLLOW THE RULES MORE CAREFULLY (tuân thủ các nguyên tắc một cách cẩn trọng hơn)

IT IS VITALLY IMPORTANT TO EDUCATE PEOPLE PROPERLY (việc giáo dục mọi người đúng cách là rất quan trọng)

AS PART OF AN EXTENDED OR MORE DIFFICULT DRIVING TEST (điều này có thể được thực hiện bằng cách lồng ghép vào bài kiểm tra lái xe bổ sung hoặc một bài kiểm tra lái xe khó hơn)

SAFE ROAD DESIGN (thiết kế đường an toàn)

SPEED BUMPS (gờ giảm tốc)

TO CALM TRAFFIC (để hạn chế tốc đô)

SPEED CAMERASCAN HELP TO DETER PEOPLE FROM DRIVING TOO QUICKLY (camera bắn tốc độ có thể giúp ngăn chặn mọi người lái xe vượt quá tốc độ quy định).

LOCAL COUNCILS (chính quyền địa phương)

INVESTING IN BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORT (đầu tư cải thiện các phương tiện công cộng)

PREVENT BAD DRIVING (ngăn ngừa việc lái xe không an toàn)