IELTS Writing Task 1 Language Exercise



The following sentences have gaps in. Place the right word(s) in the gaps. For some you are given one or two words in brackets that you need to add and change to fit correctly. For some you have to work out what word is missing.

1. The graph illustrates a gradual decline in sales in 2020, with figures __________1________ (drop – consistent).
2. The data depicts a __________2________(fluctuate) pattern in the stock market.
3. In contrast to the initial period, there was a significant upswing in productivity, jumping __________3________ 50 units __________4________ 120 units per hour.
4. Last year there __________5________ (be) a __________6________ (mark) contrast between urban and rural population growth.
5. The line graph depicts a gradual but consistent decline in air quality over the past decade, with pollution levels __________7________ (reach) a concerning peak.
6. There was a clear correlation between advertising expenditures and product sales, with __________8________ (increase – spend) leading to a subsequent rise in revenue.
7. __________9________ (experience) a steady increase, the number of participants in the study climbed from 200 to 400 over the ten-year period.
8. Sales figures __________10________ (fall – steady) over the past five years. (Tip: the time frame is the past up to the present time)
9. The stock market displayed both __________11________ (peak) and __________12________ (trough) throughout the observed timeframe.
10. Productivity, which initially __________13________ (stand) at 50 units per hour, experienced a significant upswing, reaching 120 units by the end of the study.
11. There __________14________ (be) a dramatic surge in immigration in 2030.
12. __________15________ 2015 and 2023, natural disasters displayed a cyclical pattern, with peaks occurring every five years.
13. Technological advancements are occurring every two to three years, __________16________ (accord) to the data.
14. Urban population growth __________17________ (experience) a rapid surge, while rural areas __________18________ (witness) the opposite in the previous decade.
15. Manufacturing output saw a substantial drop in the first half of the year, followed by a rapid __________19________ (recover) in the second half.


1. Answer: dropping consistently

2. Answer: fluctuating

3. Answer: from

4. Answer: to

5. Answer: was

6. Answer: marked

7. Answer: reaching

8. Answer: increased spending

9. Answer: Experiencing

10. Answer: have fallen steadily

11. Answer: peaks

12. Answer: troughs

13. Answer: stood

14. Answer: will be

15. Answer: Between

16. Answer: according

17. Answer: experienced

18. Answer: witnessed

19. Answer: recovery


Source: IELTS Buddy