Essay 09 – Economic progress

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Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

People have different views about how governments should measure their countries’ progress. While ECONOMIC PROGRESS  is of course essential,

I agree with those who believe that other measures of progress are just as important.

There ARE THREE KEY REASONS why economic growth IS SEEN AS A FUNDAMENTAL GOAL FOR COUNTRIES . Firstly, A HEALTHY ECONOMY RESULTS IN JOB CREATION , A HIGH LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT, and BETTER SALARIES FOR ALL CITIZENS. Secondly, economic progress ensures that more money is available for governments to SPEND ON INFRASTRUCTURE and PUBLIC SERVICES. For example, a government with HIGHER REVENUES  can INVEST IN THE COUNTRY’S TRANSPORT NETWORK, its education system and its hospitals. Finally, a strong economy can HELP A COUNTRY’S STANDING ON THE GLOBAL STAGE, IN TERMS OF its POLITICAL INFLUENCE and TRADING POWER.

However, I would argue that various other forms of progress are just as significant as the economic factors mentioned above. In particular, we should CONSIDER THE AREA OF SOCIAL JUSTICE, HUMAN RIGHTS, EQUALITY AND DEMOCRACY itself. For example, the treatment of minority groups is often SEEN AS A REFLECTION OF THE MORAL STANDARDS  and LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF A SOCIETY. Perhaps ANOTHER KEY CONSIDERATION  when JUDGING THE PROGRESS of A MODERN COUNTRY should be how well that country protects the natural environment, and whether it is moving towards ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY . Alternatively, the success of a nation could be measured by looking at the health, WELL-BEING  and happiness of its residents.

In conclusion, the economy is obviously a key marker of a country’s success, but social, environmental and health criteria are equally significant.

Những cụm từ cần lưu ý:

ECONOMIC PROGRESS (tăng trưởng kinh tế)

ARE THREE KEY REASONS (có ba lý do chính)

IS SEEN AS A FUNDAMENTAL GOAL FOR COUNTRIES (được xem là mục tiêu cơ bản của quốc gia).

A HEALTHY ECONOMY RESULTS IN JOB CREATION (một nền kinh tế mạnh tạo ra việc làm)

A HIGH LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT (tỷ lê có việc làm cao)

BETTER SALARIES FOR ALL CITIZENS (mức lương cao hơn cho tất cả người dân)

SPEND ON INFRASTRUCTURE (sử dụng cho cơ sở hạ tầng)

PUBLIC SERVICES (dịch vụ công)

HIGHER REVENUES (thu nhập cao hơn)

INVEST IN THE COUNTRY’S TRANSPORT NETWORK (đầu tư vào mạng lưới giao thông của đất nước)

HELP A COUNTRY’S STANDING ON THE GLOBAL STAGE (giúp đất nước có chỗ đứng trên vị thế toàn cầu).

IN TERMS OF (về mặt)

POLITICAL INFLUENCE (ảnh hưởng về mặt chính trị)

TRADING POWER (năng lực thương mại).

CONSIDER THE AREA OF SOCIAL JUSTICE, HUMAN RIGHTS, EQUALITY AND DEMOCRACY (xem xét các khía cạnh công bằng xã hội, nhân quyền, bình đẳng và dân chủ)

SEEN AS A REFLECTION OF THE MORAL STANDARDS (được xem như sự phản ánh về các tiêu chuẩn đạo đức)

LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF A SOCIETY (mức đô phát triển của cả một cộng đồng)

ANOTHER KEY CONSIDERATION (điểm quan trọng khác cần cân nhắc)

JUDGING THE PROGRESS (đánh giá sự tiến bộ)

A MODERN COUNTRY (quốc gia hiện đại)

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY (môi trường bền vững)

WELL-BEING (sự no ấm)