IELTS Graph Exercise: Language of Change



Decide which word or words fit in the gap to create the correct language of change.

1. The number of registered voters in the district __________ by 15% between 2012 and 2016, reflecting a growing civic engagement.
A. has increased
B. was increasing
C. increased
2. The number of students pursuing online courses saw a remarkable __________, with a 30% increase from 2018 to 2020.
A. surge
B. surging
C. surged
3. During the years 2012 and 2016, GDP in India __________.
A. grows steadily
B. grew steadily
C. grew steady
4. In the early 2000s, there was a __________ in the use of traditional mail services, as electronic communication methods gained prevalence.
A. sharp decline
B. sharply declined
C. sharply declining
5. The amount of carbon dioxide emitted by industrial facilities __________ from 2010 up to the present day.
A. gradually fell
B. had gradually fallen
C. has gradually fallen
6. The period between 2013 and 2016 witnessed a __________ in consumer spending, with peaks corresponding to holiday seasons and troughs during economic downturns.
A. fluctuating pattern
B. fluctuating patterns
C. fluctuated pattern
7. By 2019, the average household size ___________ sharply, with families opting for smaller living arrangements.
A. has declined
B. had declined
C. declined
8. The data illustrates a consistent upward trend in educational attainment, with the number of individuals holding degrees ___________ over the decade.
A. steadily rising
B. steadily rose
C. rose steadily
9. The amount of rainfall in the region __________ in the 2000s, signalling a concerning trend in water scarcity.
A. significant decreased
B. decreasing significantly
C. decreased significantly
10. The data from 2005 to 2010 reveals a cyclic pattern in housing prices, __________ periods of growth and contraction.
A. with alternated
B. with alternating
C. with alternate


  1. Answer: C. increased
  2. Answer: A. surge
  3. Answer: B. grew steadily
  4. Answer: A. sharp decline
  5. Answer: C. has gradually fallen
  6. Answer: A. fluctuating pattern
  7. Answer: B. had declined
  8. Answer: A. steadily rising
  9. Answer: C. decreased significantly
  10. Answer: B. with alternating

Source: IELTS Buddy